Low-Rate Overuse Flow Tracer (LOFT): An Efficient and Scalable Algorithm for Detecting Overuse Flows

Simon Scherrer, Che-Yu Wu, Yu-Hsi Chiang, Benjamin Rothenberger, Daniele E. Asoni, Arish Sateesan, Jo Vliegen, Nele Mentens, Hsu-Chun Hsiao, Adrian Perrig

Current probabilistic flow-size monitoring can only detect heavy hitters (e.g., flows utilizing 10 times their permitted bandwidth), but cannot detect smaller overuse (e.g., flows utilizing 50-100% more than their permitted bandwidth). Thus, these systems lack accuracy in the challenging environment of high-throughput packet processing, where fast-memory resources are scarce. Nevertheless, many applications rely on accurate flow-size estimation, e.g. for network monitoring, anomaly detection and Quality of Service. We design, analyze, implement, and evaluate LOFT, a new approach for efficiently detecting overuse flows that achieves dramatically better properties than prior work. LOFT can detect 1.5x overuse flows in one second, whereas prior approaches fail to detect 2x overuse flows within a timeout of 300 seconds. We demonstrate LOFT's suitability for high-speed packet processing with implementations in the DPDK framework and on an FPGA.

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