Two-step multi-resolution reconstruction-based compact gas-kinetic scheme on tetrahedral mesh

Xing Ji, Fengxiang Zhao, Wei Shyy, Kun Xu

In this paper, a third-order compact gas-kinetic scheme (GKS) on unstructured tetrahedral mesh is constructed for the compressible Euler and Navier-Stokes solutions. The time-dependent gas distribution function at a cell interface is used to calculate the fluxes for the updating the cell-averaged flow variables and to evaluate the time accurate cell-averaged flow variables as well for evolving the cell-averaged gradients of flow variables. With the accurate evolution model for both flow variables and their slopes, the quality of the scheme depends closely on the accuracy and reliability of the initial reconstruction of flow variables. The reconstruction scheme becomes more challenge on tetrahedral mesh, where the conventional second-order unlimited least-square reconstruction can make the scheme be linearly unstable when using cell-averaged conservative variables alone with von Neumann neighbors. Benefiting from the evolved cell-averaged slopes, on tetrahedral mesh the GKS is linearly stable from a compact third-order smooth reconstruction with a large CFL number. In order to further increase the robustness of the high-order compact GKS for capturing discontinuous solution, a new two-step multi-resolution weighted essentially non-oscillatory (WENO) reconstruction will be proposed. The novelty of the reconstruction includes the following. Firstly, it releases the stability issue from a second-order compact reconstruction through the introduction of a pre-reconstruction step. Secondly, in the third-order non-linear reconstruction, only one more large stencil is added beside those in the second-order one, which significantly simplifies the high-order reconstruction. The proposed third-order scheme shows good robustness in high speed flow computation and favorable mesh adaptability in cases with complex geometry.

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