SelfNorm and CrossNorm for Out-of-Distribution Robustness

Zhiqiang Tang, Yunhe Gao, YI Zhu, Zhi Zhang, Mu Li, Dimitris Metaxas

Normalization techniques are crucial in stabilizing and accelerating the training of deep neural networks. However, they are mainly designed for the independent and identically distributed (IID) data, not satisfying many real-world out-of-distribution (OOD) situations. Unlike most previous works, this paper presents two normalization methods, SelfNorm and CrossNorm, to promote OOD generalization. SelfNorm uses attention to recalibrate statistics (channel-wise mean and variance), while CrossNorm exchanges the statistics between feature maps. SelfNorm and CrossNorm can complement each other in OOD generalization, though exploring different directions in statistics usage. Extensive experiments on different domains (vision and language), tasks (classification and segmentation), and settings (supervised and semi-supervised) show their effectiveness.

Knowledge Graph



Sign up or login to leave a comment