No-reference denoising of low-dose CT projections

Elvira Zainulina, Alexey Chernyavskiy, Dmitry V. Dylov

Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) became a clear trend in radiology with an aspiration to refrain from delivering excessive X-ray radiation to the patients. The reduction of the radiation dose decreases the risks to the patients but raises the noise level, affecting the quality of the images and their ultimate diagnostic value. One mitigation option is to consider pairs of low-dose and high-dose CT projections to train a denoising model using deep learning algorithms; however, such pairs are rarely available in practice. In this paper, we present a new self-supervised method for CT denoising. Unlike existing self-supervised approaches, the proposed method requires only noisy CT projections and exploits the connections between adjacent images. The experiments carried out on an LDCT dataset demonstrate that our method is almost as accurate as the supervised approach, while also outperforming the considered self-supervised denoising methods.

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