Improving CSI-based Massive MIMO Indoor Positioning using Convolutional Neural Network

Gregor Cerar, Aleš Švigelj, Mihael Mohorčič, Carolina Fortuna, Tomaž Javornik

Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is an enabling technology to meet the growing demand for faster and more reliable communications in wireless networks with a large number of terminals, but it can also be applied for position estimation of a terminal exploiting multipath propagation from multiple antennas. In this paper, we investigate new convolutional neural network (CNN) structures for exploiting MIMO-based channel state information (CSI) to improve indoor positioning. We evaluate and compare the performance of three variants of the proposed CNN structure to five NN structures proposed in the scientific literature using the same sets of training-evaluation data. The results demonstrate that the proposed residual convolutional NN structure improves the accuracy of position estimation and keeps the total number of weights lower than the published NN structures. The proposed CNN structure yields from 2cm to 10cm better position accuracy than known NN structures used as a reference.

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