Reconstruction of a Space-Time Dependent Source in Subdiffusion Models via a Perturbation Approach

Bangti Jin, Yavar Kian, Zhi Zhou

In this article we study inverse problems of recovering a space-time dependent source component from the lateral boundary observation in a subidffusion model. The mathematical model involves a Djrbashian-Caputo fractional derivative of order $\alpha\in(0,1)$ in time, and a second-order elliptic operator with time-dependent coefficients. We establish a well-posedness and a conditional stability result for the inverse problems using a novel perturbation argument and refined regularity estimates of the associated direct problem. Further, we present an algorithm for efficiently and accurately reconstructing the source component, and provide several two-dimensional numerical results showing the feasibility of the recovery.

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