Exact Distribution-Free Hypothesis Tests for the Regression Function of Binary Classification via Conditional Kernel Mean Embeddings

Ambrus Tamás, Balázs Csanád Csáji

In this paper we suggest two statistical hypothesis tests for the regression function of binary classification based on conditional kernel mean embeddings. The regression function is a fundamental object in classification as it determines both the Bayes optimal classifier and the misclassification probabilities. A resampling based framework is applied and combined with consistent point estimators for the conditional kernel mean map to construct distribution-free hypothesis tests. These tests are introduced in a flexible manner allowing us to control the exact probability of type I error. We also prove that both proposed techniques are consistent under weak statistical assumptions, i.e., the type II error probabilities pointwise converge to zero.

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