Compensation for undefined behaviors during robot task execution by switching controllers depending on embedded dynamics in RNN

Kanata Suzuki, Hiroki Mori, Tetsuya Ogata

Robotic applications require both correct task performance and compensation for undefined behaviors. Although deep learning is a promising approach to perform complex tasks, the response to undefined behaviors that are not reflected in the training dataset remains challenging. In a human-robot collaborative task, the robot may adopt an unexpected posture due to collisions and other unexpected events. Therefore, robots should be able to recover from disturbances for completing the execution of the intended task. We propose a compensation method for undefined behaviors by switching between two controllers. Specifically, the proposed method switches between learning-based and model-based controllers depending on the internal representation of a recurrent neural network that learns task dynamics. We applied the proposed method to a pick-and-place task and evaluated the compensation for undefined behaviors. Experimental results from simulations and on a real robot demonstrate the effectiveness and high performance of the proposed method.

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