Heterogeneous Information Network-based Interest Composition with Graph Neural Network for Recommendation

Dengcheng Yan, Wenxin Xie, Yiwen Zhang

Recommendation systems (RSs) are skilled at capturing users' preferences according to their history interactions with items, while the RSs usually suffer from the sparsity of user-item interactions. Thus, various auxiliary information is introduced to alleviate this problem. Due to powerful ability in modeling auxiliary information, the heterogeneous information network (HIN) is widely applied to the RSs. However, in existing methods, the process of information extraction from various meta-paths takes no consideration of graph structure and user/item features simultaneously. Moreover, existing models usually fuse the information from various meta-paths through simply weighted summation, while ingore the interest compositions intra- and inter-meta-paths which is capable of applying abundant high-order composition interests to RSs. Therefore, we propose a HIN-based Interest Compositions model with graph neural network for Recommendation (short for HicRec). Above all, our model learns users and items representations from various graphs corresponding to the meta-paths with the help of the graph convolution network (GCN). Then, the representations of users and items are transformed into users' interests on items. Lastly, the interests intra- and inter-meta-paths are composed and applied to recommendation. Extensive experiments are conducted on three real-world datasets and the results show that the HicRec outperforms various baselines.

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