Drone-as-a-Service Composition Under Uncertainty

Ali Hamdi, Flora D. Salim, Du Yong Kim, Azadeh Ghari Neiat, Athman Bouguettaya

We propose an uncertainty-aware service approach to provide drone-based delivery services called Drone-as-a-Service (DaaS) effectively. Specifically, we propose a service model of DaaS based on the dynamic spatiotemporal features of drones and their in-flight contexts. The proposed DaaS service approach consists of three components: scheduling, route-planning, and composition. First, we develop a DaaS scheduling model to generate DaaS itineraries through a Skyway network. Second, we propose an uncertainty-aware DaaS route-planning algorithm that selects the optimal Skyways under weather uncertainties. Third, we develop two DaaS composition techniques to select an optimal DaaS composition at each station of the planned route. A spatiotemporal DaaS composer first selects the optimal DaaSs based on their spatiotemporal availability and drone capabilities. A predictive DaaS composer then utilises the outcome of the first composer to enable fast and accurate DaaS composition using several Machine Learning classification methods. We train the classifiers using a new set of spatiotemporal features which are in addition to other DaaS QoS properties. Our experiments results show the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed approach.

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