Implicit-explicit BDF $k$ SAV schemes for general dissipative systems and their error analysis

Fukeng Huang, Jie Shen

We construct efficient implicit-explicit BDF$k$ scalar auxiliary variable (SAV) schemes for general dissipative systems. We show that these schemes are unconditionally stable, and lead to a uniform bound of the numerical solution in the norm based on the principal linear operator in the energy. Based on this uniform bound, we carry out a rigorous error analysis for the $k$th-order $(k=1,2,3,4,5)$ SAV schemes in a unified form for a class of typical Allen-Cahn type and Cahn-Hilliard type equations. We also present numerical results confirming our theoretical convergence rates.

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