Lightweight Selective Disclosure for Verifiable Documents on Blockchain

Kenji Saito, Satoki Watanabe

To achieve lightweight selective disclosure for protecting privacy of document holders, we propose an XML format for documents that can hide arbitrary elements using a cryptographic hash function and salts, which allows to be partially digitally signed and efficiently verified, as well as a JSON format that can be converted to such XML. The documents can be efficiently proven to exist by representing multiple such structures as a Merkle tree and storing its root in blockchain. We show that our proposal has advantages over known methods that represent the document itself as a Merkle tree and partially hide it.

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