Three Steps to Multimodal Trajectory Prediction: Modality Clustering, Classification and Synthesis

Jianhua Sun, Yuxuan Li, Hao-Shu Fang, Cewu Lu

Multimodal prediction results are essential for trajectory forecasting task as there is no single correct answer for the future. Previous frameworks can be divided into three categories: regression, generation and classification frameworks. However, these frameworks have weaknesses in different aspects so that they cannot model the multimodal prediction task comprehensively. In this paper, we present a novel insight along with a brand-new prediction framework by formulating multimodal prediction into three steps: modality clustering, classification and synthesis, and address the shortcomings of earlier frameworks. Exhaustive experiments on popular benchmarks have demonstrated that our proposed method surpasses state-of-the-art works even without introducing social and map information. Specifically, we achieve 19.2% and 20.8% improvement on ADE and FDE respectively on ETH/UCY dataset. Our code will be made publicly available.

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