A $C^1$-conforming Petrov-Galerkin method for convection-diffusion equations and superconvergence ananlysis over rectangular meshes

Waixiang Cao, Lueling Jia, Zhimin Zhang

In this paper, a new $C^1$-conforming Petrov-Galerkin method for convection-diffusion equations is designed and analyzed. The trail space of the proposed method is a $C^1$-conforming ${\mathbb Q}_k$ (i.e., tensor product of polynomials of degree at most $k$) finite element space while the test space is taken as the $L^2$ (discontinuous) piecewise ${\mathbb Q}_{k-2}$ polynomial space. Existence and uniqueness of the numerical solution is proved and optimal error estimates in all $L^2, H^1, H^2$-norms are established. In addition, superconvergence properties of the new method are investigated and superconvergence points/lines are identified at mesh nodes (with order $2k-2$ for both function value and derivatives), at roots of a special Jacobi polynomial, and at the Lobatto lines and Gauss lines with rigorous theoretical analysis. In order to reduce the global regularity requirement, interior a priori error estimates in the $L^2, H^1, H^2$-norms are derived. Numerical experiments are presented to confirm theoretical findings.

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