Jan Grebík, Václav Rozhoň

We present an intimate connection among the following fields: (a) distributed local algorithms: coming from the area of computer science, (b) finitary factors of iid processes: coming from the area of analysis of randomized processes, (c) descriptive combinatorics: coming from the area of combinatorics and measure theory. In particular, we study locally checkable labellings in grid graphs from all three perspectives. Most of our results are for the perspective (b) where we prove time hierarchy theorems akin to those known in the field (a) [Chang, Pettie FOCS 2017]. This approach that borrows techniques from the fields (a) and (c) implies a number of results about possible complexities of finitary factor solutions. Among others, it answers three open questions of [Holroyd et al. Annals of Prob. 2017] or the more general question of [Brandt et al. PODC 2017] who asked for a formal connection between the fields (a) and (b). In general, we hope that our treatment will help to view all three perspectives as a part of a common theory of locality, in which we follow the insightful paper of [Bernshteyn 2020+] .

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