On Bounds for Ring-Based Coding Theory

Niklas Gassner, Joachim Rosenthal, Marcus Greferath, Violetta Weger

Coding Theory where the alphabet is identified with the elements of a ring or a module has become an important research topic over the last 30 years. Such codes over rings had important applications and many interesting mathematical problems are related to this line of research. It has been well established, that with the generalization of the algebraic structure to rings there is a need to also generalize the underlying metric beyond the usual Hamming weight used in traditional coding theory over finite fields. This paper introduces a new weight, called the overweight, which can be seen as a generalization of the Lee weight on the integers modulo $4$. For this new weight we provide a number of well-known bounds, like a Plotkin bound, a sphere-packing bound, and a Gilbert-Varshamov bound. A further highlight is the proof of a Johnson bound for the homogeneous weight on a general finite Frobenius ring.

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