A tensor decomposition approach for the solution of high-dimensional, fully nonlinear Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations arising in optimal feedback control of nonlinear dynamics is presented. The method combines a tensor train approximation for the value function together with a Newton-like iterative method for the solution of the resulting nonlinear system. The tensor approximation leads to a polynomial scaling with respect to the dimension, partially circumventing the curse of dimensionality. A convergence analysis for the linear-quadratic case is presented. For nonlinear dynamics, the effectiveness of the high-dimensional control synthesis method is assessed in the optimal feedback stabilization of the Allen-Cahn and Fokker-Planck equations with a hundred of variables.