Reinforcement Learning Random Access for Delay-Constrained Heterogeneous Wireless Networks: A Two-User Case

Danzhou Wu, Lei Deng, Zilong Liu, Yijin Zhang, Yunghsiang S. Han

In this paper, we investigate the random access problem for a delay-constrained heterogeneous wireless network. As a first attempt to study this new problem, we consider a network with two users who deliver delay-constrained traffic to an access point (AP) via a common unreliable collision wireless channel. We assume that one user (called user 1) adopts ALOHA and we optimize the random access scheme of the other user (called user 2). The most intriguing part of this problem is that user 2 does not know the information of user 1 but needs to maximize the system timely throughput. Such a paradigm of collaboratively sharing spectrum is envisioned by DARPA to better dynamically match the supply and demand in the future [1], [2]. We first propose a Markov Decision Process (MDP) formulation to derive a modelbased upper bound, which can quantify the performance gap of any designed schemes. We then utilize reinforcement learning (RL) to design an R-learning-based [3]-[5] random access scheme, called TSRA. We finally carry out extensive simulations to show that TSRA achieves close-to-upper-bound performance and better performance than the existing baseline DLMA [6], which is our counterpart scheme for delay-unconstrained heterogeneous wireless network. All source code is publicly available in

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