Reduced Basis Methods for Efficient Simulation of a Rigid Robot Hand Interacting with Soft Tissue

Shahnewaz Shuva, Patrick Buchfink, Oliver Röhrle, Bernard Haasdonk

We present efficient reduced basis (RB) methods for the simulation of the coupled problem consisting of a rigid robot hand interacting with soft tissue material which is modeled by the linear elasticity equation and discretized with the Finite Element Method. We look at two different scenarios: (i) the forward simulation and (ii) a feedback control formulation of the model. In both cases, large-scale systems of equations appear, which need to be solved in real-time. This is essential in practice for the implementation in a real robot. For the feedback-scenario, in the context of the linear quadratic regulator, we encounter a high-dimensional Algebraic Riccati Equation (ARE). To overcome the real-time constraint by significantly reducing the computational complexity, we use several structure-preserving and non-structure-preserving reduction methods. These include proper orthogonal decomposition-based reduced basis techniques. For the ARE, instead of solving a full dimensional problem we compute a low-rank-factor and hence a low-dimensional ARE is solved. Numerical examples for both cases are provided. These illustrate the approximation quality of the reduced solution and speedup factors of the different reduction approaches.

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