Attention Map-guided Two-stage Anomaly Detection using Hard Augmentation

Jou Won Song, Kyeongbo Kong, Ye In Park, Suk-Ju Kang

Anomaly detection is a task that recognizes whether an input sample is included in the distribution of a target normal class or an anomaly class. Conventional generative adversarial network (GAN)-based methods utilize an entire image including foreground and background as an input. However, in these methods, a useless region unrelated to the normal class (e.g., unrelated background) is learned as normal class distribution, thereby leading to false detection. To alleviate this problem, this paper proposes a novel two-stage network consisting of an attention network and an anomaly detection GAN (ADGAN). The attention network generates an attention map that can indicate the region representing the normal class distribution. To generate an accurate attention map, we propose the attention loss and the adversarial anomaly loss based on synthetic anomaly samples generated from hard augmentation. By applying the attention map to an image feature map, ADGAN learns the normal class distribution from which the useless region is removed, and it is possible to greatly reduce the problem difficulty of the anomaly detection task. Additionally, the estimated attention map can be used for anomaly segmentation because it can distinguish between normal and anomaly regions. As a result, the proposed method outperforms the state-of-the-art anomaly detection and anomaly segmentation methods for widely used datasets.

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