Seeing through a Black Box: Toward High-Quality Terahertz TomographicImaging via Multi-Scale Spatio-Spectral Image Fusion

Weng-Tai Su, Ta-Hsuan Chao, Shang-Hua Yang, Chia-wen Lin

Terahertz tomographic imaging has recently arisen significant attention due to its non-invasive, non-destructive, non-ionizing, material-classification, and ultrafast-frame-rate nature for object exploration and inspection. However, its strong water absorption nature and low noise tolerance lead to undesired blurring and distortion of reconstructed terahertz images. Research groups aim to deal with this issue through the use of synthetic data in the training phase, but still, their performances are highly constrained by the diffraction-limited terahertz signals. In this paper, we propose a novel multi-scale spatio-spectral fusion Unet (MS3-Unet) that extracts multi-scale features from the different spectral of terahertz image data for restoration. MS3-Unet utilizes multi-scale branches to extract spatio-spectral features which are then processed by element-wise adaptive filters, and then fused to achieve high-quality terahertz image restoration. Here, we experimentally construct ultra-high-speed terahertz time-domain spectroscopy system covering a broad frequency range from 0.1 THz to 4 THz for building up temporal/spectral/spatial/phase/material terahertz database of hidden 3-D objects. Complementary to a quantitative evaluation, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed MS3-Unet image restoration approach on 3-D terahertz tomographic reconstruction applications.

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