The $k$-Colorable Unit Disk Cover Problem

Monith S. Reyunuru, Kriti Jethlia, Manjanna Basappa

In this article, we consider colorable variations of the Unit Disk Cover ({\it UDC}) problem as follows. {\it $k$-Colorable Discrete Unit Disk Cover ({\it $k$-CDUDC})}: Given a set $P$ of $n$ points, and a set $D$ of $m$ unit disks (of radius=1), both lying in the plane, and a parameter $k$, the objective is to compute a set $D'\subseteq D$ such that every point in $P$ is covered by at least one disk in $D'$ and there exists a function $\chi:D'\rightarrow C$ that assigns colors to disks in $D'$ such that for any $d$ and $d'$ in $D'$ if $d\cap d'\neq\emptyset$, then $\chi(d)\neq\chi(d')$, where $C$ denotes a set containing $k$ distinct colors. For the {\it $k$-CDUDC} problem, our proposed algorithms approximate the number of colors used in the coloring if there exists a $k$-colorable cover. We first propose a 4-approximation algorithm in $O(m^{7k}n\log k)$ time for this problem, where $k$ is a positive integer. The previous best known result for the problem when $k=3$ is due to the recent work of Biedl et al. [CCCG 2019], who proposed a 2-approximation algorithm in $O(m^{25}n)$ time. For $k=3$, our algorithm runs in $O(m^{21}n)$ time, faster than the previous best algorithm, but gives a 4-approximate result. We then generalize our approach to yield a family of $\rho$-approximation algorithms in $O(m^{\alpha k}n\log k)$ time, where $(\rho,\alpha)\in \{(4, 7), (6,5), (7, 5), (9,4)\}$. We further generalize this to exhibit a $O(\frac{1}{\tau})$-approximation algorithm in $O(m^{\alpha k}n\log k)$ time for a given grid width $1 \leq \tau \leq 2$, where $\alpha=O(\tau^2)$. We also extend our algorithm to solve the {\it $k$-Colorable Line Segment Disk Cover ({\it $k$-CLSDC})} and {\it $k$-Colorable Rectangular Region Cover ({\it $k$-CRRC})} problems, in which instead of the set $P$ of $n$ points, we are given a set $S$ of $n$ line segments, and a rectangular region $\cal R$, respectively.

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