Globular weak $\omega$-categories as models of a type theory

Thibaut Benjamin, Eric Finster, Samuel Mimram

We study the dependent type theory CaTT, introduced by Finster and Mimram, which presents the theory of weak $\omega$-categories, following the idea that type theories can be considered as presentations of generalized algebraic theories. Our main contribution is a formal proof that the models of this type theory correspond precisely to weak $\omega$-categories, as defined by Maltsiniotis, by generalizing a definition proposed by Grothendieck for weak $\omega$-groupoids: Those are defined as suitable presheaves over a cat-coherator, which is a category encoding structure expected to be found in an $\omega$-category. This comparison is established by proving the initiality conjecture for the type theory CaTT, in a way which suggests the possible generalization to a nerve theorem for a certain class of dependent type theories

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