Dilated Convolution based CSI Feedback Compression for Massive MIMO Systems

Shunpu Tang, Junjuan Xia, Lisheng Fan, Xianfu Lei, Wei Xu, Arumugam Nallanathan

Although the frequency-division duplex (FDD) massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system can offer high spectral and energy efficiency, it requires to feedback the downlink channel state information (CSI) from users to the base station (BS), in order to fulfill the precoding design at the BS. However, the large dimension of CSI matrices in the massive MIMO system makes the CSI feedback very challenging, and it is urgent to compress the feedback CSI. To this end, this paper proposes a novel dilated convolution based CSI feedback network, namely DCRNet. Specifically, the dilated convolutions are used to enhance the receptive field (RF) of the proposed DCRNet without increasing the convolution size. Moreover, advanced encoder and decoder blocks are designed to improve the reconstruction performance and reduce computational complexity as well. Numerical results are presented to show the superiority of the proposed DCRNet over the conventional networks. In particular, the proposed DCRNet can achieve almost the state-of-the-arts (SOTA) performance with much lower floating point operations (FLOPs). The open source code and checkpoint of this work are available at https://github.com/recusant7/DCRNet.

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