Mean-Shifted Contrastive Loss for Anomaly Detection

Tal Reiss, Yedid Hoshen

Deep anomaly detection methods learn representations that separate between normal and anomalous samples. Very effective representations are obtained when powerful externally trained feature extractors (e.g. ResNets pre-trained on ImageNet) are fine-tuned on the training data which consists of normal samples and no anomalies. However, this is a difficult task that can suffer from catastrophic collapse, i.e. it is prone to learning trivial and non-specific features. In this paper, we propose a new loss function which can overcome failure modes of both center-loss and contrastive-loss methods. Furthermore, we combine it with a confidence-invariant angular center loss, which replaces the Euclidean distance used in previous work, that was sensitive to prediction confidence. Our improvements yield a new anomaly detection approach, based on $\textit{Mean-Shifted Contrastive Loss}$, which is both more accurate and less sensitive to catastrophic collapse than previous methods. Our method achieves state-of-the-art anomaly detection performance on multiple benchmarks including $97.5\%$ ROC-AUC on the CIFAR-10 dataset.

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