Weakly Supervised Volumetric Image Segmentation with Deformed Templates

Udaranga Wickramasinghe, Pascal Fua

There are many approaches that use weak-supervision to train networks to segment 2D images. By contrast, existing 3D approaches rely on full-supervision of a subset of 2D slices of the 3D image volume. In this paper, we propose an approach that is truly weakly-supervised in the sense that we only need to provide a sparse set of 3D point on the surface of target objects, an easy task that can be quickly done. We use the 3D points to deform a 3D template so that it roughly matches the target object outlines and we introduce an architecture that exploits the supervision provided by coarse template to train a network to find accurate boundaries. We evaluate the performance of our approach on Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imagery (MRI) and Electron Microscopy (EM) image datasets. We will show that it outperforms a more traditional approach to weak-supervision in 3D at a reduced supervision cost.

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