Quantum Carry Lookahead Adders for NISQ and Quantum Image Processing

Himanshu Thapliyal, Edgard Muñoz-Coreas, Vladislav Khalus

Progress in quantum hardware design is progressing toward machines of sufficient size to begin realizing quantum algorithms in disciplines such as encryption and physics. Quantum circuits for addition are crucial to realize many quantum algorithms on these machines. Ideally, quantum circuits based on fault-tolerant gates and error-correcting codes should be used as they tolerant environmental noise. However, current machines called Noisy Intermediate Scale Quantum (NISQ) machines cannot support the overhead associated with faulttolerant design. In response, low depth circuits such as quantum carry lookahead adders (QCLA)s have caught the attention of researchers. The risk for noise errors and decoherence increase as the number of gate layers (or depth) in the circuit increases. This work presents an out-of-place QCLA based on Clifford+T gates. The QCLAs optimized for T gate count and make use of a novel uncomputation gate to save T gates. We base our QCLAs on Clifford+T gates because they can eventually be made faulttolerant with error-correcting codes once quantum hardware that can support fault-tolerant designs becomes available. We focus on T gate cost as the T gate is significantly more costly to make faulttolerant than the other Clifford+T gates. The proposed QCLAs are compared and shown to be superior to existing works in terms of T-count and therefore the total number of quantum gates. Finally, we illustrate the application of the proposed QCLAs in quantum image processing by presenting quantum circuits for bilinear interpolation.

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