Eight Reasons Why Cybersecurity on Novel Generations of Brain-Computer Interfaces Must Be Prioritized

Sergio López Bernal, Alberto Huertas Celdrán, Gregorio Martínez Pérez

This article presents eight neural cyberattacks affecting spontaneous neural activity, inspired by well-known cyberattacks from the computer science domain: Neural Flooding, Neural Jamming, Neural Scanning, Neural Selective Forwarding, Neural Spoofing, Neural Sybil, Neural Sinkhole and Neural Nonce. These cyberattacks are based on the exploitation of vulnerabilities existing in the new generation of Brain-Computer Interfaces. After presenting their formal definitions, the cyberattacks have been implemented over a neuronal simulation. To evaluate the impact of each cyberattack, they have been implemented in a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) simulating a portion of a mouse's visual cortex. This implementation is based on existing literature indicating the similarities that CNNs have with neuronal structures from the visual cortex. Some conclusions are also provided, indicating that Neural Nonce and Neural Jamming are the most impactful cyberattacks for short-term effects, while Neural Scanning and Neural Nonce are the most damaging for long-term effects.

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