Single-Server Private Linear Transformation: The Individual Privacy Case

Anoosheh Heidarzadeh, Nahid Esmati, Alex Sprintson

This paper considers the single-server Private Linear Transformation (PLT) problem with individual privacy guarantees. In this problem, there is a user that wishes to obtain $L$ independent linear combinations of a $D$-subset of messages belonging to a dataset of $K$ messages stored on a single server. The goal is to minimize the download cost while keeping the identity of each message required for the computation individually private. The individual privacy requirement ensures that the identity of each individual message required for the computation is kept private. This is in contrast to the stricter notion of joint privacy that protects the entire set of identities of all messages used for the computation, including the correlations between these identities. The notion of individual privacy captures a broad set of practical applications. For example, such notion is relevant when the dataset contains information about individuals, each of them requires privacy guarantees for their data access patterns. We focus on the setting in which the required linear transformation is associated with a maximum distance separable (MDS) matrix. In particular, we require that the matrix of coefficients pertaining to the required linear combinations is the generator matrix of an MDS code. We establish lower and upper bounds on the capacity of PLT with individual privacy, where the capacity is defined as the supremum of all achievable download rates. We show that our bounds are tight under certain conditions.

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