Deep Interaction between Masking and Mapping Targets for Single-Channel Speech Enhancement

Lu Zhang, Mingjiang Wang, Zehua Zhang, Xuyi Zhuang

The most recent deep neural network (DNN) models exhibit impressive denoising performance in the time-frequency (T-F) magnitude domain. However, the phase is also a critical component of the speech signal that is easily overlooked. In this paper, we propose a multi-branch dilated convolutional network (DCN) to simultaneously enhance the magnitude and phase of noisy speech. A causal and robust monaural speech enhancement system is achieved based on the multi-objective learning framework of the complex spectrum and the ideal ratio mask (IRM) targets. In the process of joint learning, the intermediate estimation of IRM targets is used as a way of generating feature attention factors to realize the information interaction between the two targets. Moreover, the proposed multi-scale dilated convolution enables the DCN model to have a more efficient temporal modeling capability. Experimental results show that compared with other state-of-the-art models, this model achieves better speech quality and intelligibility with less computation.

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