Incremental space-filling design based on coverings and spacings: improving upon low discrepancy sequences

Amaya Nogales Gómez, Luc Pronzato, Maria-João Rendas

The paper addresses the problem of defining families of ordered sequences $\{x_i\}_{i\in N}$ of elements of a compact subset $X$ of $R^d$ whose prefixes $X_n=\{x_i\}_{i=1}^{n}$, for all orders $n$, have good space-filling properties as measured by the dispersion (covering radius) criterion. Our ultimate aim is the definition of incremental algorithms that generate sequences $X_n$ with small optimality gap, i.e., with a small increase in the maximum distance between points of $X$ and the elements of $X_n$ with respect to the optimal solution $X_n^\star$. The paper is a first step in this direction, presenting incremental design algorithms with proven optimality bound for one-parameter families of criteria based on coverings and spacings that both converge to dispersion for large values of their parameter. The examples presented show that the covering-based method outperforms state-of-the-art competitors, including coffee-house, suggesting that it inherits from its guaranteed 50\% optimality gap.

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