Deep Learning to Ternary Hash Codes by Continuation

Mingrui Chen, Weiyu Li, Weizhi Lu

Recently, it has been observed that {0,1,-1}-ternary codes which are simply generated from deep features by hard thresholding, tend to outperform {-1,1}-binary codes in image retrieval. To obtain better ternary codes, we for the first time propose to jointly learn the features with the codes by appending a smoothed function to the networks. During training, the function could evolve into a non-smoothed ternary function by a continuation method. The method circumvents the difficulty of directly training discrete functions and reduces the quantization errors of ternary codes. Experiments show that the generated codes indeed could achieve higher retrieval accuracy.

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