Regular Perturbation and Achievable Rates of Space-Division Multiplexed Optical Channels

Francisco Javier García-Gómez, Gerhard Kramer

Regular perturbation is applied to space-division multiplexing (SDM) on optical fibers and motivates a correlated rotation-and-additive noise (CRAN) model. For S spatial modes, or 2S complex-alphabet channels, the model has 4S(S+1) hidden independent real Gauss-Markov processes, of which 2S model phase noise, 2S(2S-1) model spatial mode rotation, and 4S model additive noise. Achievable information rates of multi-carrier communication are computed by using particle filters. For S=2 spatial modes with strong coupling and a 1000 km link, joint processing of the spatial modes gains 0.5 bits/s/Hz/channel in rate and 1.4 dB in power with respect to separate processing of 2S complex-alphabet channels without considering CRAN.

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