Minimising quantifier variance under prior probability shift

Dirk Tasche

For the binary prevalence quantification problem under prior probability shift, we determine the asymptotic variance of the maximum likelihood estimator. We find that it is a function of the Brier score for the regression of the class label against the features under the test data set distribution. This observation suggests that optimising the accuracy of a base classifier on the training data set helps to reduce the variance of the related quantifier on the test data set. Therefore, we also point out training criteria for the base classifier that imply optimisation of both of the Brier scores on the training and the test data sets.

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