On the Modulus in Matching Vector Codes

Lin Zhu, Wen Ming Li, Liang Feng Zhang

A $k$-query locally decodable code (LDC) $C$ allows one to encode any $n$-symbol message $x$ as a codeword $C(x)$ of $N$ symbols such that each symbol of $x$ can be recovered by looking at $k$ symbols of $C(x)$, even if a constant fraction of $C(x)$ have been corrupted. Currently, the best known LDCs are matching vector codes (MVCs). A modulus $m=p_1^{\alpha_1}p_2^{\alpha_2}\cdots p_r^{\alpha_r}$ may result in an MVC with $k\leq 2^r$ and $N=\exp(\exp(O((\log n)^{1-1/r} (\log\log n)^{1/r})))$. The $m$ is {\em good} if it is possible to have $k<2^r$. The good numbers yield more efficient MVCs. Prior to this work, there are only {\em finitely many} good numbers. All of them were obtained via computer search and have the form $m=p_1p_2$. In this paper, we study good numbers of the form $m=p_1^{\alpha_1}p_2^{\alpha_2}$. We show that if $m=p_1^{\alpha_1}p_2^{\alpha_2}$ is good, then any multiple of $m$ of the form $p_1^{\beta_1}p_2^{\beta_2}$ must be good as well. Given a good number $m=p_1^{\alpha_1}p_2^{\alpha_2}$, we show an explicit method of obtaining smaller good numbers that have the same prime divisors. Our approach yields {\em infinitely many} new good numbers.

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