Generative Models for Security: Attacks, Defenses, and Opportunities

Luke A. Bauer, Vincent Bindschaedler

Generative models learn the distribution of data from a sample dataset and can then generate new data instances. Recent advances in deep learning has brought forth improvements in generative model architectures, and some state-of-the-art models can (in some cases) produce outputs realistic enough to fool humans. We survey recent research at the intersection of security and privacy and generative models. In particular, we discuss the use of generative models in adversarial machine learning, in helping automate or enhance existing attacks, and as building blocks for defenses in contexts such as intrusion detection, biometrics spoofing, and malware obfuscation. We also describe the use of generative models in diverse applications such as fairness in machine learning, privacy-preserving data synthesis, and steganography. Finally, we discuss new threats due to generative models: the creation of synthetic media such as deepfakes that can be used for disinformation.

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