A Deep Learning-based Quality Assessment and Segmentation System with a Large-scale Benchmark Dataset for Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography Image

Yufei Wang, Yiqing Shen, Meng Yuan, Jing Xu, Bin Yang, Chi Liu, Wenjia Cai, Weijing Cheng, Wei Wang

Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCTA) is a non-invasive and non-contacting imaging technique providing visualization of microvasculature of retina and optic nerve head in human eyes in vivo. The adequate image quality of OCTA is the prerequisite for the subsequent quantification of retinal microvasculature. Traditionally, the image quality score based on signal strength is used for discriminating low quality. However, it is insufficient for identifying artefacts such as motion and off-centration, which rely specialized knowledge and need tedious and time-consuming manual identification. One of the most primary issues in OCTA analysis is to sort out the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) region in the retina, which highly correlates with any visual acuity disease. However, the variations in OCTA visual quality affect the performance of deep learning in any downstream marginally. Moreover, filtering the low-quality OCTA images out is both labor-intensive and time-consuming. To address these issues, we develop an automated computer-aided OCTA image processing system using deep neural networks as the classifier and segmentor to help ophthalmologists in clinical diagnosis and research. This system can be an assistive tool as it can process OCTA images of different formats to assess the quality and segment the FAZ area. The source code is freely available at https://github.com/shanzha09/COIPS.git. Another major contribution is the large-scale OCTA dataset, namely OCTA-25K-IQA-SEG we publicize for performance evaluation. It is comprised of four subsets, namely sOCTA-3$\times$3-10k, sOCTA-6$\times$6-14k, sOCTA-3$\times$3-1.1k-seg, and dOCTA-6$\times$6-1.1k-seg, which contains a total number of 25,665 images. The large-scale OCTA dataset is available at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5111975, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5111972.

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