On the Use of Time Series Kernel and Dimensionality Reduction to Identify the Acquisition of Antimicrobial Multidrug Resistance in the Intensive Care Unit

Óscar Escudero-Arnanz, Joaquín Rodríguez-Álvarez, Karl Øyvind Mikalsen, Robert Jenssen, Cristina Soguero-Ruiz

The acquisition of Antimicrobial Multidrug Resistance (AMR) in patients admitted to the Intensive Care Units (ICU) is a major global concern. This study analyses data in the form of multivariate time series (MTS) from 3476 patients recorded at the ICU of University Hospital of Fuenlabrada (Madrid) from 2004 to 2020. 18\% of the patients acquired AMR during their stay in the ICU. The goal of this paper is an early prediction of the development of AMR. Towards that end, we leverage the time-series cluster kernel (TCK) to learn similarities between MTS. To evaluate the effectiveness of TCK as a kernel, we applied several dimensionality reduction techniques for visualization and classification tasks. The experimental results show that TCK allows identifying a group of patients that acquire the AMR during the first 48 hours of their ICU stay, and it also provides good classification capabilities.

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