CarneliNet: Neural Mixture Model for Automatic Speech Recognition

Aleksei Kalinov, Somshubra Majumdar, Jagadeesh Balam, Boris Ginsburg

End-to-end automatic speech recognition systems have achieved great accuracy by using deeper and deeper models. However, the increased depth comes with a larger receptive field that can negatively impact model performance in streaming scenarios. We propose an alternative approach that we call Neural Mixture Model. The basic idea is to introduce a parallel mixture of shallow networks instead of a very deep network. To validate this idea we design CarneliNet -- a CTC-based neural network composed of three mega-blocks. Each mega-block consists of multiple parallel shallow sub-networks based on 1D depthwise-separable convolutions. We evaluate the model on LibriSpeech, MLS and AISHELL-2 datasets and achieved close to state-of-the-art results for CTC-based models. Finally, we demonstrate that one can dynamically reconfigure the number of parallel sub-networks to accommodate the computational requirements without retraining.

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