Dynamic Proximal Unrolling Network for Compressive Sensing Imaging

Yixiao Yang, Ran Tao, Kaixuan Wei, Ying Fu

Recovering an underlying image from under-sampled measurements, Compressive Sensing Imaging (CSI) is a challenging problem and has many practical applications. Recently, deep neural networks have been applied to this problem with promising results, owing to its implicitly learned prior to alleviate the ill-poseness of CSI. However, existing neural network approaches require separate models for each imaging parameter like sampling ratios, leading to training difficulties and overfitting to specific settings. In this paper, we present a dynamic proximal unrolling network (dubbed DPUNet), which can handle a variety of measurement matrices via one single model without retraining. Specifically, DPUNet can exploit both embedded physical model via gradient descent and imposing image prior with learned dynamic proximal mapping leading to joint reconstruction. A key component of DPUNet is a dynamic proximal mapping module, whose parameters can be dynamically adjusted at inference stage and make it adapt to any given imaging setting. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed DPUNet can effectively handle multiple CSI modalities under varying sampling ratios and noise levels with only one model, and outperform the state-of-the-art approaches.

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