Spatiotemporal 2-D Channel Coding for Very Low Latency Reliable MIMO Transmission

Xiaohu You, Chuan Zhang, Bin Sheng, Yongming Huang, Chen Ji, Yifei Shen, Wenyue Zhou, Jian Liu

To fully support vertical industries, 5G and its corresponding channel coding are expected to meet requirements of different applications. However, for applications of 5G and beyond 5G (B5G) such as URLLC, the transmission latency is required to be much shorter than that in eMBB. Therefore, the resulting channel code length reduces drastically. In this case, the traditional 1-D channel coding suffers a lot from the performance degradation and fails to deliver strong reliability with very low latency. To remove this bottleneck, new channel coding scheme beyond the existing 1-D one is in urgent need. By making full use of the spacial freedom of massive MIMO systems, this paper devotes itself in proposing a spatiotemporal 2-D channel coding for very low latency reliable transmission. For a very short time-domain code length $N^{\text{time}}=16$, $64 \times 128$ MIMO system employing the proposed spatiotemporal 2-D coding scheme successfully shows more than $3$\,dB performance gain at $\text{FER}=10^{-3}$, compared to the 1-D time-domain channel coding. It is noted that the proposed coding scheme is suitable for different channel codes and enjoys high flexibility to adapt to difference scenarios. By appropriately selecting the code rate, code length, and the number of codewords in the time and space domains, the proposed coding scheme can achieve a good trade-off between the transmission latency and reliability.

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