A Cooperative Game Approach for Energy Management of Interconnected Microgrids

Mohadese Movahednia, Hamid Karimi, Shahram Jadid

In this study, a cooperative game model is presented to schedule the day-ahead operation of multi-microgrid (MMG) systems. In the proposed model, microgrids are scheduled to achieve a global optimum for the cost of the multi-microgrid system. The minimum cost is achieved by transactions of microgrids with each other. Also, price-based demand response is implemented in the model to build a cost-reducing opportunity for consumers. Applying Shapley value, the optimum cost of the MMG system is fairly allocated between microgrids. To enhance the confidence level of results, data uncertainties are incorporated into the model. The uncertainties of renewable outputs, demand, and prices of trading with the main grid are applied in the model. The presented model is developed as a mixed-integer linear programming problem, and its efficiency is evaluated on a standard test system containing three microgrids. The cost of the MMG system when microgrids form a cooperative game is compared with the isolated status that microgrids do not transact energy with each other. The results indicate that the cost of the MMG system is declined using the proposed cooperative model in comparison with the isolated mode. Also, the cost of microgrid 1, microgrid 2, and microgrid 3 are improved by 2.4, 2.7, and 11.8%, respectively. Therefore, all the microgrids have an incentive to participate in the cooperative game, and both the total cost and each microgrid cost are improved in the cooperative game.

Knowledge Graph

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