Hierarchical Graph Convolutional Skeleton Transformer for Action Recognition

Ruwen Bai, Min Li, Bo Meng, Fengfa Li, Miao Jiang, Junxing Ren, Degang Sun

Graph convolutional networks (GCNs) have emerged as dominant methods for skeleton-based action recognition. However, they still suffer from two problems, namely, neighborhood constraints and entangled spatiotemporal feature representations. Most studies have focused on improving the design of graph topology to solve the first problem but they have yet to fully explore the latter. In this work, we design a disentangled spatiotemporal transformer (DSTT) block to overcome the above limitations of GCNs in three steps: (i) feature disentanglement for spatiotemporal decomposition;(ii) global spatiotemporal attention for capturing correlations in the global context; and (iii) local information enhancement for utilizing more local information. Thereon, we propose a novel architecture, named Hierarchical Graph Convolutional skeleton Transformer (HGCT), to employ the complementary advantages of GCN (i.e., local topology, temporal dynamics and hierarchy) and Transformer (i.e., global context and dynamic attention). HGCT is lightweight and computationally efficient. Quantitative analysis demonstrates the superiority and good interpretability of HGCT.

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