Private Set Intersection with Delegated Blind Quantum Computing

Michele Amoretti

Private set intersection is an important problem with implications in many areas, ranging from remote diagnostics to private contact discovery. In this work, we consider the case of two-party PSI in the honest-but-curious setting. We propose a protocol that solves the server-aided PSI problem using delegated blind quantum computing. More specifically, the proposed protocol allows Alice and Bob (who do not have any quantum computational resources or quantum memory) to interact with Steve (who has a quantum computer) in order for Alice and Bob to obtain set intersection such that privacy is preserved. In particular, Steve learns nothing about the clients' input, output, or desired computation. The proposed protocol is correct, secure and blind against a malicious server, and characterized by a quantum communication complexity that is linear in the input size.

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