GPU-Net: Lightweight U-Net with more diverse features

Heng Yu, Di Fan, Weihu Song

Image segmentation is an important task in the medical image field and many convolutional neural networks (CNNs) based methods have been proposed, among which U-Net and its variants show promising performance. In this paper, we propose GP-module and GPU-Net based on U-Net, which can learn more diverse features by introducing Ghost module and atrous spatial pyramid pooling (ASPP). Our method achieves better performance with more than 4 times fewer parameters and 2 times fewer FLOPs, which provides a new potential direction for future research. Our plug-and-play module can also be applied to existing segmentation methods to further improve their performance.

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