Similarity-based Gray-box Adversarial Attack Against Deep Face Recognition

Hanrui Wang, Shuo Wang, Zhe Jin, Yandan Wang, Cunjian Chen, Massimo Tistarell

The majority of adversarial attack techniques perform well against deep face recognition when the full knowledge of the system is revealed (\emph{white-box}). However, such techniques act unsuccessfully in the gray-box setting where the face templates are unknown to the attackers. In this work, we propose a similarity-based gray-box adversarial attack (SGADV) technique with a newly developed objective function. SGADV utilizes the dissimilarity score to produce the optimized adversarial example, i.e., similarity-based adversarial attack. This technique applies to both white-box and gray-box attacks against authentication systems that determine genuine or imposter users using the dissimilarity score. To validate the effectiveness of SGADV, we conduct extensive experiments on face datasets of LFW, CelebA, and CelebA-HQ against deep face recognition models of FaceNet and InsightFace in both white-box and gray-box settings. The results suggest that the proposed method significantly outperforms the existing adversarial attack techniques in the gray-box setting. We hence summarize that the similarity-base approaches to develop the adversarial example could satisfactorily cater to the gray-box attack scenarios for de-authentication.

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