A finite element method to a periodic steady-state problem for an electromagnetic field system using the space-time finite element exterior calculus

Masaru Miyashita, Norikazu Saito

This paper proposes a finite element method for solving the periodic steady-state problem for the scalar-valued and vector-valued Poisson equations, a simple reduction model of the Maxwell equations under the Coulomb gauge. Introducing a new potential variable, we reformulate two systems composed of the scalar-valued and vector-valued Poisson problems to a single Hodge-Laplace problem for the 1-form in $\mathbb{R}^4$ using the standard de Rham complex. Consequently, we can directly apply the Finite Element Exterior Calculus (FEEC) theory in $\mathbb{R}^4$ to deduce the well-posedness, stability, and convergence. Numerical examples using the cubical element are reported to validate the theoretical results.

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