Developing a Vehicle Re-routing Algorithm using Connected Vehicle (CV) Technology

Mao Ye, Nicolette Formosa, Mohammed Quddus

Vehicle Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs) act as the core of vehicular communications and provide the fundamental wireless communication architecture to support both vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication. Therefore, by leveraging only communication technologies, Connected Vehicles (CVs) can navigate through the dynamic road network. However, such vehicles are still in their infancy but are expected to have a significant impact on safety and mobility such as reducing non-recurrent congestion in case of a vehicle breakdown or other roadway incidents. To evaluate their impacts, this research examines the benefits of having CVs when a vehicle breakdown occurs by developing an intelligent proactive re-routing algorithm. Due to a lack of real-world data, this paper adopts an integrated simulated framework consisting of a V2X (OMNET++) communication simulator and a traffic microscopic simulator (SUMO). The developed algorithm functions such that when a vehicle is broken down within a live traffic lane, the system detects the breakdown, generates warning messages immediately and transmits them to approaching vehicles. Based on the real-time notification, informed vehicles proactively re-route to alternative roads to avoid the breakdown zone. Two scenarios were developed where a breakdown occurs within and outside a junction for both V2X-enabled and disabled systems. Results show that V2X-enabled CV re-routing mechanism can improve traffic efficiency by reducing congestion and enhance traffic safety by smoothing accelerations and decelerations of affected vehicles with low infrastructure costs. The algorithm would be useful to highway agencies (Department for Transport) and vehicle manufacturers in introducing CVs onto existing road networks.

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