Statistical monitoring of models based on artificial intelligence

Anna Malinovskaya, Pavlo Mozharovskyi, Philipp Otto

The rapid advancement of models based on artificial intelligence demands innovative monitoring techniques which can operate in real time with low computational costs. In machine learning, especially if we consider neural network (NN) learning algorithms, and in particular deep-learning architectures, the models are often trained in a supervised manner. Consequently, the learned relationship between the input and the output must remain valid during the model's deployment. If this stationarity assumption holds, we can conclude that the NN generates accurate predictions. Otherwise, the retraining or rebuilding of the model is required. We propose to consider the latent feature representation of the data (called "embedding") generated by the NN for determining the time point when the data stream starts being nonstationary. To be precise, we monitor embeddings by applying multivariate control charts based on the calculation of the data depth and normalized ranks. The performance of the introduced method is evaluated using various NNs with different underlying data formats.

Knowledge Graph



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