Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting with compressed sensing and distance metric learning

Zhe Wang, Hongsheng Li, Qinwei Zhang, Jing Yuan, Xiaogang Wang

Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting (MRF) is a novel technique that simultaneously estimates multiple tissue-related parameters, such as the longitudinal relaxation time T1, the transverse relaxation time T2, off resonance frequency B0 and proton density, from a scanned object in just tens of seconds. However, the MRF method suffers from aliasing artifacts because it significantly undersamples the k-space data. In this work, we propose a compressed sensing (CS) framework for simultaneously estimating multiple tissue-related parameters based on the MRF method. It is more robust to low sampling ratio and is therefore more efficient in estimating MR parameters for all voxels of an object. Furthermore, the MRF method requires identifying the nearest atoms of the query fingerprints from the MR-signal-evolution dictionary with the L2 distance. However, we observed that the L2 distance is not always a proper metric to measure the similarities between MR Fingerprints. Adaptively learning a distance metric from the undersampled training data can significantly improve the matching accuracy of the query fingerprints. Numerical results on extensive simulated cases show that our method substantially outperforms stateof-the-art methods in terms of accuracy of parameter estimation.

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